Knowing the HDI or Human Development Index allows us to know in which category the different countries of our world are included depending on the human development that they have. However, before focusing on the most underdeveloped countries, it is important that we understand the HDI concept.What is the HDI?
The HDI, the Human Development Index, is the measure used by agencies such as the United Nations to rate all countries on the planet as developed, developing or underdeveloped. It is a measure based on the comparison between the different countries of five fundamental variables : life expectancy , mortality rate , literacy, education and standard of living and, therefore, purchasing power .
The Human Development Index is divided into four divisions, very high, high, medium and low, so all those countries whose HDI is low are considered as underdeveloped , that is, those that do not reach a minimum of both social and economic levels. They are usually associated with the so-called third world , at the extreme opposite of the first world and extreme poverty . Let us now look at a list of underdeveloped countries .
Main characteristics of the Underdeveloped Countries
- High unemployment.
- Excessive corruption rate.
- Great economic inequality among its inhabitants.
- Little or no budget for science and technology.
- Low rent per head.
- Depletion of soils by the practice of monoculture.
- High external debt.
- Its technological development depends on other countries.
- High infant mortality.
- Great urban growth.
- Dictators who monopolize power.
Which countries make up the list of underdeveloped countries?
Below we show the list of underdeveloped countries grouped by continents and by having the lowest HDI. It is important that you keep in mind that, as I mentioned above, this index is calculated with the data provided by the government, so it is possible that some underdeveloped country is not included in the list.
We remind you that the famous HDI ranges from a 0.943 that currently boasts Norway , the country with the highest level of development , to 0.286 that has the Democratic Republic of Congo , which makes us think of the decompensation between wealth and poverty on this planet.
Africa is the continent where there are more underdeveloped countries. The African continent is still suffering famines, droughts, civil wars and the exploitation of capitalist and developed countries . It is not surprising that, in addition to having the largest number of underdeveloped countries, Africa also shelters countries with a lower per capita income (Ethiopia, Liberia, Somalia or Burundi, where the average monthly salary does not reach 20 euros), with a lower life expectancy (49.1 years on average) and higher infant mortality rates (75-100 deaths per 1,000 births). This is the list of underdeveloped countries in Africa:
- Democratic Republic of Congo with HDI of 0.286
- Niger with HDI of 0.295
- Burundi with HDI of 0.316
- Mozambique with HDI of 0.322
- Chad with HDI of 0.328
- Liberia with HDI of 0,329
- Burkina Faso with HDI of 0.331
- Leone Sierra Leone with HDI of 0.366
- Central African Republic with HDI of 0.333
- Guinea with HDI of 0.344
According to the Human Development Index, most countries in the Americas, including North America and South America, are above the poverty line, in general terms. South America is divided between developed countries like Argentina and Chile, and developing countries like Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador or Venezuela. These are the underdeveloped countries of America:
Asia and Oceania
Excluding Africa, Asia is the continent with the largest number of underdeveloped countries. All countries included in this list have serious infrastructure deficiencies, famine problems, no communications, high levels of illiteracy, high infant mortality rates, very low per capita incomes …
Even Afghanistan has the highest infant mortality rate in the world, dying more than 120 out of every 1,000 births. These are the underdeveloped countries of Asia and Oceania:
- Afghanistan with HDI of 0.398
- Nepal with HDI of 0.458
- Yemen with HDI of 0.462
- Papua New Guinea with HDI of 0.466
- Burma with HDI of 0.483
- East Timor with HDI of 0,495
- Bangladesh with HDI of 0.500
- Pakistan with HDI of 0.504
As we can see, the so-called “western world” does not have underdeveloped countries. Neither in Europe nor in North America (if we except Haiti) are there countries that are cataloged in this way in the HDI. Does this mean that they live above the poverty line? No, it means that they have a minimum of development and infrastructures, enough to not be considered an underdeveloped country.
All of these countries with such low HDI are those where large epidemics, famines and malnutrition spread, and humanitarian crises that they are not able to cope with. Generally, they are immersed in wars between them or civilians, they suffer of continuous coups d’etat, with which they do not have governments in able to direct them , and although they call themselves democratic they live under continuous dictatorships. They do not have the capacity to manage their own resources, because they are not prepared for it or because they have been dispossessed by countries with greater economic capacity.
Thanks to certain groups of individuals, profit-making organizations, governments of other countries that are aware of their extreme poverty and desolation, some of them are entering a path of sustainable development , but much remains to be done. That is why we are going to see how we can talk to children to make them understand the situation these people are in, what their needs are, and what is needed and can be done to help them improve.
Importance of mentalizing children in education
Education is basic in order to improve the system in which we live and end poverty rates that should not exist in the world in which we live. That is why in Definitions, we try to talk about how we can mentalize children who not all have the same fate as them and what can we do at home to be a little more solidarity and learn to appreciate the resources we have .
- Let me ask you questions : we often see different ads on TV showing some of the countries, the health and health problems in them, as well as the remedies they lack and the resources they do not Have. Children may feel bad seeing these pictures and they often ask parents questions. Do not close in band and talk to him. Let me ask you the questions that you consider necessary to better understand the situation that has been shown and try to make your explanations correspond with the age of the child.
- Do not throw anything : once the child has understood that there are many people in need, it is important to make him see the importance of recycling and giving things we do not use instead of throwing them away. Clothing, toys or footwear, for example, have their own sites where they can be deposited to reach the most disadvantaged.
- Reasonable Use of Resources : This is a good time to make children understand that the resources we have are not available on all sites and that they can end up like water, a much needed and not all good The places where this is needed. For this, it is essential that we teach children to make the correct use of the resources we have so that nothing is wasted. A good example is to turn off the water tap while we brush our teeth and do not use water. Another good example is with food. Many children die of malnutrition, so it is essential that we make the child see the importance of food.
However, we must emphasize that the school has an important role in teaching children the distribution of wealth in this world, as well as to make them see why there are sites with more resources and others with less. The point is that we can make our children understand that there are people who are not in the same situation as us and that, therefore, there are help and resources that should be directed to them to help them in all we can.